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Unit 8 (P1, P2, P3): E-Commerce

Technologies Required

Describe the technologies required for e-commerce (P1)

Web Server

All the content of the website are stored on the server. This server can be maintained by Cuckoo or pay hosting company to provide their server for them. Cuckoo needs a web server to actually have a website, this is the foundation and without this, there is no site that people can go to.


Server Software

The web server software processes the access request and transmits the client machine the correct files. Cuckoo needs to have this software installed for customers to connect to their website, this is a crucial step in order for customers to connect.


Browser

Customers need to use a browser to load the website. When a website is loaded, files from the web server transmitted and rendered onto the browser. Cuckoo needs to take into consideration that all customers use different browsers and it is important to make it optimised for all of them as possible, starting with the most widely used browser.


Web Authoring Tool

Customers need to use a browser to load the website. When a website is loaded, files from the web server transmitted and rendered onto the browser. Cuckoo needs to take into consideration that all customers use different browsers and it is important to make it optimised for all of them as possible, starting with the most widely used browser.


Database

Databases are used to store information about the products. Cuckoo needs to have a database system to maintain their products and images etc.

Protocols

A protocol is a rule of how connections are set up.


TCP

TCP (Transfer Control Protocol) is a wired connection between different machines on the internet. It is used to transfer data and information over a network.


IP

IP (Internet Protocol) and each device has its own unique IP address.


FTP

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is the set of rules used to communicate information running TCP/IP based network. If a customer was to request a receipt, this would be sent to them using FTP.


Cuckoo does not need to worry about TCP, IP or FTP . They can just hire someone to set everything up for them and won’t have to hassle with it themselves.


Ports

Ports allow a device with one IP address to access another device with a different unique IP address. When you want to access an E-Commerce site like Cuckoo, you would need to access the IP address via the machine with port 80. Again, Cuckoo can discard this information because they can hire someone else to set it up for them.


Domain Names